This page will inshaAllah guide people interested in producing a timetable for their Masajid/locality.
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Fajr and 'Isha

The Following are Criteria that the Scholars have permitted for Use in the UK

Both Criteria are based on the basis that Fajr always occurs when the Sun is 18 degrees below the horizon unless that does not occur.

In the Ahadith there are different statements as to when 'Isha salah occurs. Some statements discuss that 'Isha time starts when the whiteness fades over the horizon, others mention when the redness fades. According to the Hanafi Madhab, both views can be acted upon. According to other schools of thought the redness fading is preferred.

Experts have found that the redness fades at any degrees between 12.5 and 16 degrees. However the whiteness fades according to the majority of scholars at 18 degrees.

For the above reason, the Ulama have preferred to keep Fajr at 18 degrees and are more flexible for 'Isha times.

Step 1) To find an 18 degrees timetable for your area visit http://websurf.hmnao.com/ and find the times for astronomical twilight for your post code.

Step 2) For all locations in the UK, 18 degrees does not occur for a period of time in the year. This is denoted by : in the timetable. In this period of time the scholars allow four methods to be used. This has been explained by Mufti Muhammad Ibn Adam as follows: (to see the whole fatwa read here)


There are four methods in estimating the ending time of Eisha and the beginning time of Fajr:

1) In those certain days where Fajr time fails to appear, the time will be set according to the last day when dawn actually did rise. For example, on the final day where dawn set in was at 1.21, a.m. So throughout the period when there is no apparent beginning time for Fajr, we will set the time at 1.21, a.m. This is known as ‘aqrab al-Ayyam’. [this has been adopted by most of the Masajid in Leicester, Batley and London for Fajr]

2) The time between sunset and sunrise is divided into two parts. The first half is considered to be night and the second morning, meaning the time for Eisha will end (and the time for Fajr will commence) when the first half comes to an end. This is known as ‘Nisf al-layl’.

3) Aqrab al-bilad. This method is by looking at the nearest place where the time for Eisha does appear and the time is set according to their time. This is known as Aqrab al-Bilad.

4) The last method is where the time between sunset and sunrise is divided into seven parts. The first six parts are considered to be the night (in which you may perform the Eisha prayer) and the final part considered to be the commencement for dawn (Fajr prayer). [this has been used by some Masajid in London for Fajr and 'Isha including Forest Gate and Seven Kings. It has been adopted by other Masajid for 'Isha only.]

The above are the four methods used in ascertaining the ending time for Eisha and the beginning time for Fajr.

These four methods have been mentioned by traditional Fuqaha and one may find the texts of the Fuqaha in this regard in the various traditional books of Fiqh. See for example, Imam Nawawi’s works such as al-Majmu’, Rawdhat al-Talibin and his Commentary of Sahih Muslim. Also, Ibn Abidin discusses this quoting from the Shafi’i Madhhab in his Radd al-Muhtar, 1/322.

Dhuhr

Using the website above will give you the noon times. Allow 5 minutes before and after this time for Zawal (Forbidden time for Salah).

'Asr

The aforementioned website will give you both opinions of 'Asr; one and two shadows. The most popular view amongst the Hanafis is of two shadows.

Maghrib

Add four minutes to the times provided for sunset, as these represent sunset times at sea level.

Click here for tips for using Adobe Acrobat and Microsoft Excel to edit and change times